With the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, however, most of these institutional mechanisms broke down. The riparian countries began searching for a sustainable solution to meet their now-conflicting energy and water needs. As they emerged into independence, the riparian states of the Syr Darya also had to confront the end of Moscows funding of the operation and maintenance of canals, dikes, reservoirs and dams. Raising operating funds and capital for these needs became a serious challenge for the countries.
Photo by Alfred Diebold © Kyrgyz family drinking kumis (mare´s milk)
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