Monthly report on IWRM in Central Asia: September 2014

Date

News

Reference

Kazakhstan

17.09.2014

Security of hydro objects

In the Ministry of agriculture of Kazakhstan passed a round table on the topic «Activity improving on the security of hydro technical structure in Kazakhstan Republic». Economy of the Central Asia countries is closely linked with the usage of transboundary water resources. River runoff of the region is almost over-regulated by the cascades of water storage reservoirs, the basins of the transboundary rivers are now managed water systems. However hydrotechical constructions that regulate the flow, were built 30-40 years ago. Roundtable participants noted that today there is a need for development and adoption of the draft law on the safety of hydraulic structures, which will settle the legal regulations in the field of safety of hydraulic structures.

Press-service of Ministry of Agriculture

26.09.2014

Conservation of Biodiversity

About 1 million. Carp fingerlings, silver carp and grass carp grown in Kamyshlybashskom hatcheries released into waters of the Aral-Syrdarya basin. During this year, for biodiversity conservation in the Aral-Syrdarya basin it was provided 207 mil. tenge for growing of 14.8 million fingerlings and 420,000 yearlings carp and herbivorous fishes under the state program "Preservation and restoration of fish resources and other aquatic animals". In total, in 2014 state companies are planning to release more than 168 mln. pieces of fry of valuable fish species (sturgeon , whitefish, carp and herbivorous) in the natural habitat.

Press-service of Ministry of Agriculture

Kyrgyzstan

11.09.2014

Transboundary issues

According to the International Crisis Group, for solving the problem of transboundary water resources usage between Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan there is necessity of urgent refusal from the practice of making water use and hydropower as an pressure instrument and focus on reaching a number of reasonable double-sided agreements. In the report “Water Burden for the Central Asia” it was noticed that growing problems of energy security and public discontent in Kyrgyzstan became the main catalizators of the political instability. In case of non-alignment of Uzbekistan to the solving of water-energy issue, Kyrgyzstan and  Tajikistan must work in a double-sided order.

«Knews»

16.06.2014

Hydropower

676 hectares of irrigated land are to be provided for the construction of the Naryn HPP cascade. Minister of Justice Almambet Shykmamatov submitted amendments to the law "On the introduction of a moratorium on the transfer (transformation) of irrigated land to other land uses and types of land" which prescribes that the ban does not include construction of large hydropower production facilities. Director of Department of cadaster and registration of real estate property (State registration Service) Narynbek Isabekov explained that the land for the construction of Naryn HPP cascade will be submitted in 3 stages. " 3 250 hectares will be allocated in general, 676 hectares of which are irrigated lands. They need to be transformed,"- said Isabekov.

«Knews»

16.09.2014

The energy crisis

According to the Minister of Energy Orosmonbek Artykbaev blackouts in the country will not take place. The minister hoped to get out of the crisis due to limitation of supplied volumes of electricity to the population. In fact, authorities have determined the limit, overcoming of which individual regions will be restricted in access to electricity. These sanctions cover the owners of three-phase input that in the next few days are going to seal electric boilers for heating. Moreover, for the service (electricity supply), this category of citizens will now pay more -  1.2 soms per 1 kWh instead of the previous 0.7 som. Kyrgyz authorities hoped for Power Engineers from Kazakhstan, who promised to help neighbors in Central Asia with electricity. It was about the supply of 500 million kWh in the dead of winter. Later it turned out that the Kyrgyz Republic for the successful completion of the heating season needs 1 billion kilowatts.

«NEWS-ASIA»

25.09.2014

Hydrological indicators of Chu river basin

Analysis of actual water condition of Chu river basin as a whole (the Chu-Kochkorka, Chon-Kemin, Kegety, Alamedin Alaarcha, Sokuluk, Aksu and Karabalta) showed that the water content of these rivers for the period April-August of this year amounted to 65% from the norm. It was reported by the press service of the Department of Water Resources and Irrigation. The lowest water content was observed in June (48-57%) and during the second decade of July and early August (57-64%). On selected rivers and in some decades water content in rivers did not exceed 40%.

«Gazeta.kg»

Tajikistan

02.09.2014

World Bank report on Rogun HPP

World Bank experts have confirmed the viability and height of Rogun dam. World Bank published a summary 12 reports of the expert groups on construction of Rogun HPP in Tajikistan. According to reports, feasibility study for the Rogun project was carried out by a consortium Coyne et Bellier (France), Electroconsult (Italy) and IPA (UK). Separate but parallel to that Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) has been developed by another consultants (Poyry Energy Ltd., Switzerland). According to the source, the World Bank Group agrees with the general conclusions of the study as to what construction of high Rogun dam (the height of 300 m to 335 m, normal water level of 1255 and 1290 m), located above the Nurek dam (300 m) on the Vakhsh cascade, technically feasible, and the environmental and social consequences of construction of such a dam can be adequately mitigated.

«Avesta»

4.09.2014

Rogun HPP

Commissioning of the Rogun HPP will allow the rest of the Vakhsh cascade hydropower plants to reach full capacity. As today Vakhsh HPP cascade, including Nurek reservoir are of seasonal character. Due to the small capacity, they can not accumulate a sufficient amount of water for year-round power generation according to the design capacity.

«Avesta»

30.09.2014

Speech at the UN

In the course of the 69th session of the UN General Assembly session in New York, the Prime minister of Tajikistan Kohir Rasulzoda gave a speech. In his speech, he walked around the most pressing issues, and called for strengthening of cooperation on regional water resources. K.Rasulzoda stated that "the reduction of fresh water, which is caused by climate change could create additional difficulties for achieving sustainable development, thereby exacerbating the situation. Firstly, it can occur in semi-arid and arid regions where the highest level of water stress is”. The head of Tajik government also said that along with the construction of medium and small hydropower plants in his country the topic of solar and wind energy use has been being studied.

East time

Uzbekistan

3.09.2014

Transboundary water resources management

In the evening of the 1st September Uzbekistan renewed providing of irrigation water for the habitants of downstream zone of Kara-Suu district of Kyrgyzstan, reported 24.kg with the reference to the head of village authority Azizbek Aitkurbayev.  "There is water coming to us by Savai canal. But 10 days ago our neighbors had turned off the water without any explanation. Because of lack of water we were late with 5-6 days with the irrigation works for winter crops", - explained the head of the village authority. It is to note, that water which comes to Kyrgyzstan on the Savai canal was stopped without any warning on the 20th of August by Uzbekistan. Irrigation water is coming from Uzbek water storage reservoir Kempir-Abad (Andijan) on the canal, which was laid out already in the soviet period and follows along and through the state border. As a result about 2908 hectares of the agricultural land remained without water.

 «Ferghana.ru»

03.09.2014

Uzbekistan’s position on Rogun HPP

Final reports of the World Bank on Rogun project (12 documents) was published on the 1st September 2014. In one of them, particularly, the answers on the questions, comments and pretensions of the stakeholders were given, the most part of them (more than 120) was made by Uzbekistan. On meeting of representatives of Central Asia countries, governments on discussing of report «The role issues for further consideration of the proposed project on Rogun HPP» the first deputy of prime-minister, the finance minister of Uzbekistan Mr. Rustam Azimov accused the World Bank that «with the perseverance, worth of better use, the World Bank had ignored the most part of arguments and reasonable positions of Uzbekistan according to the scale technogenic, ecological, social and economic impedances of Rogun HPP”. He finalized his speech by announcing: «Uzbekistan republic will never support this project».

«Ferghana.ru»

28.09.2014

Uzbekistan’s position on water issue

In course of political discussion in the 69-th session of the UN, the Minister of foreign affairs of  Uzbekistan Abdulaziz Kamilov has expressed concern  on international security threats. He has called up not to hurry up with the withdrawal of the international forces from Afghanistan, and also have spoken out for the right and rational usage of water resources of the transboundary rivers in the Central Asia, including Amudarya and Syrdarya.

«ECOPortal»

Источники:

  1. Press-service of Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan
  2. «NEWS-Asia»
  3. «Ferghana»
  4. «Avesta»
  5. «Ecoportal.uz»
  6. East time
  7.  «Gazeta.kg»
  8. «Knews»

 

Compilers – MA students of “Integrated Water Resources Management” program of German-Kazakh University:

  1. Alla Sabbatovskaya
  2. Zarina Ruzmatova
  3. Aliya Mashaeva

 

Chief Editor: Atay Moldobaev - PhD student of Free University of Berlin.